TATLONG BERSYON NG KARTILYA NG KATIPUNAN . pagkakasulat ni Emilio Jacinto ng orihinal sa “malalim na Tagalog” ay di magamit na. It is the only document of any length set in print by the Katipunan prior The Tagalog words that resound loudest in the Kartilya, beyond doubt. In admiration of Emilio Jacinto’s literary style, Bonifacio would later adopt Jacinto’s Kartilya as the official teachings of the Katipunan. Similar to.
|Published (Last):||4 March 2006|
|PDF File Size:||18.2 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.47 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The Katiipunan ng Katipunan English: Primer of the Katipunan served as the guidebook for new members of the organization, which laid out the group’s rules and principles.
The first edition of the Kartilya was written by Andres BonifacioEmilio Jacinto will later pen a revised Decalogue. The order for those who want to join the association shall have the full understanding and knowledge of its guiding principles and main teachings so that they may perform their duties wholeheartedly. The Association pursues the most worthy and momentous object of uniting the hearts and the mind of the Tagalog by means of inviolable oath in order that the union to be strong enough to tear aside the thick veil that obscure thoughts and find the true path of reason and enlightenment.
The foremost rules is the true love of native land and genuine compassion for others, for everyone shall be treated equal and true brethren. As soon as anybody enters the association, he shall perforce renounce disorderly habits and shall submit to the authority of the sacred commands of the Katipunan.
All acts contrary to noble and clean living are repugnant here, and hence the life of anyone who wants to affiliate with this Association will be submitted to a searching investigation. If the applicant merely wishes to know the secrets of the Association, or to seek personal gratification, or to know who is here in order to sell them for a handful of silver, he cannot proceed, for the many who are watching him will already know his intentions, and will immediately have recourse to an effective remedy, such as befits traitors.
Only actions are demanded and esteemed; hence anybody who is not willing to act should not enter, no matter how good a speaker he might be.
The duties to be performed by the members of this association are exceedingly hard, especially if one remembers that there can be no dereliction or wilful evasion of duty without the exaction of a terrible punishment. If an applicant merely desires financial support relief or wants to lead a life of bodily comfort and ease, he had better not proceed, for he will encounter weighty tasks, like the protection of the oppressed and the relentless fight against all that is evil.
In this way, his fate will be a vexatious life. Nobody is unaware of the misfortune that threatens the Filipinos who contemplate these things that are sacred and the sufferings they are made to endure by the reign of cruelty, injustice and evil. The punctual payment of dues is required: The custodian of the funds will periodically render an account to the members, and each member has a right to examine the accounts, should he so wish.
The funds cannot be expended without the consent of the majority. The aforementioned must be thought over and deliberated upon calmly, as it cannot be accomplished or endured by anyone who has no love for his native land and no genuine desire to promote progress. Originally titled Katungkulang Gagawin ng mga Z.
Duties of the Sons of the People It was never published because Bonifacio believed that Jacinto’s Kartilya was superior to what he had made.
Katipunan — The Katipunan was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila inwhose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution.
The Tagalog word katipunan, literally meaning association, comes from the root word tipon and its official revolutionary name was Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan. The Katipunan is also known by its acronym, KKK, being a secret organization, its members were subjected to the utmost secrecy and were expected to abide by the rules established by the society.
Aspiring applicants were given standard initiation rites in order to members of the society. At first, membership in the Katipunan was only open to male Filipinos, later, the Katipunan had its own publication, Kalayaan which issued its first and last printing in March Revolutionary ideals and works flourished within the society, and Filipino literature was expanded by some of its prominent members, in planning the revolution, Bonifacio contacted Rizal for his full-fledged support for the Katipunan in exchange for a promise to rescue Rizal from his detention.
In Maya delegation was sent to the Emperor Meiji in order to solicit funds, the name Katipunan comes from the full Tagalog name for the society, Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang Katipunan nang mga Anak nang Bayan. The Katipunan and the Cuerpo de Compromisarios were, effectively, successor organizations of La Liga Filipina and this organization was part of the late 19th century Propaganda Movement in the Philippines. It also had a hierarchy of rank that was similar to that of freemasonry, Del Pilars plan wins over that of Rizal.
Del Pilar and Rizal had the end, even if each took a different road to it. Captured Katipunan members, who were members of La Liga.
One group insisted on La Ligas principle of a peaceful reformation while the other espoused armed revolution, Bonifacio did establish the Katipunan when it was becoming apparent to anti-Spanish Filipinos that societies like the La Liga Filipina would be suppressed by colonial authorities. Despite their reservations about the reformation that Rizal espoused, they named Rizal honorary president without his knowledge. The rise of the Katipunan signaled the end of the crusade to secure reforms from Spain by means of a peaceful campaign, the Propaganda Movement katjpunan by Rizal, del Pilar, Jaena and others had failed its mission, hence, Bonifacio started the militant movement for independence.
Republic of Biak-na-Bato — Despite its successes, including the establishment of the Philippines first tgalog constitution, the republic lasted just over a month. It was disestablished tagalo a treaty signed by Aguinaldo and the Spanish Governor-General, Fernando Primo de Rivera which included provision for exile of Aguinaldo. Unable to persuade the revolutionaries to give up their arms, Governor-General Primo de Rivera issued a decree on July 2, contrary to his expectations, they continued fighting.
Within days, Aguinaldo and his men planned the establishment of a Republic, on November 1, the provisional constitution for the Biak-na-Bato Republic was signed. The preamble of the constitution included the statement bg By the end ofin a statement to the Cortes Generales, he said, I can take Biak-na-Bato, any military man can take it, but I can not answer that I could crush the rebellion.
Desiring to make peace with Aguinaldo, he sent emissaries to Aguinaldo seeking a katiunan settlement, nothing was accomplished until Pedro A. Paterno, a distinguished lawyer from Manila, volunteered to act as negotiator.
On August 9, Paterno kartilta a peace based on reforms, in succeeding months, practicing shuttle diplomacy, Paterno traveled back and forth between Manila and Biak-na-Bato carrying proposals and counterproposals.
Kartilya ng Katipunan – Philippine Center for Masonic Studies
Paternos efforts led to katipunann agreement called the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. This consisted of three documents, the first two being signed on December 14, and the third being signed on December 15, inAguinaldo wrote in retrospect that the principal conditions of the nt were, Trinidad Tecson, Katipunan of San Miguel, Bulacan. On November 16, a 2, hectares block in the Biak-na-Bato area was declared a park by Manuel L.
Quezon in honor of the Republic. The Philippine Republic was the first constitutional republic in Asia, inthe Philippine Revolution began against Spanish colonial rule. InPhilippine forces led by Aguinaldo signed a ceasefire with the Spanish authorities and Aguinaldo, in Nvthe Spanish—American War broke out.
On December 10, the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Spanish—American War, the Malolos Constitution written by the congress was proclaimed on 22 Januarycreating what is known today as the First Philippine Republic, with Aguinaldo as its president.
The constitution was approved by delegates to the Malolos Congress on January 20, the convention jg earlier elected Aguinaldo president on January 1, leading to his inauguration on January Parts of the constitution giving Aguinaldo the power to rule by decree are of particular interest. American forces pushing north from Manila after the outbreak of fighting captured Caloocan on February On March 29, as American forces krtilya Malolos, the seat of government moved to San Isidro, on February 4, armed conflict erupted in Manila between Philippine Republic forces and American forces occupying the city subsequent to the conclusion of the Spanish—American War.
The fighting quickly escalated into the Second Kkartilya of Manila, with Philippine Republic forces being driven out of the city.
Emilio Aguinaldo and the core of the government had by then moved to San Isidro. Peace negotiations with the American Schurman Commission during a ceasefire in April—May failed. The Philippine Republic core government had moved by then to Bamban, Tarlac, Aguinaldos party had already left Tarlac, the last capital of the Philippine Republic, by the time American troops occupied it on November American forces captured Calumpit, Bulacan on April 27 and, moving north, captured Apalit, Pampanga with little opposition on May 4 and San Fernando and this forced the seat of government to be shifted according to the demands of the military situation.
On November 13, under pressure by American forces, Aguinaldo, barbara in order to evade pursuing American forces. The word Moro is a term for ethnic Muslims who lived in the Southern Philippines, an area that includes Mindanao, Jolo, the Moros have a year history of resisting foreign rule. The year-long resistance against the Japanese, Americans, and Spanish by the Moro Muslims persisted and morphed into their current war for independence against the Philippine state, a culture of jihad emerged among the Moros due to the centuries long war against the Spanish invaders.
The Spaniards were restricted to a handful of coastal garrisons or Forts, after a series of unsuccessful attempts during the centuries of Spanish rule in the Philippines, Spanish forces occupied the abandoned city of Jolo, Sulu, the seat of the Sultan of Sulu, in Despite the very nominal claim to the Moro territories, Spain ceded them to the United States in the Treaty of Paris which signaled the end of the Spanish—American War.
Kartilya ng Katipunan
Following the American occupation of the Northern Philippines duringSpanish forces in the Southern Philippines were abolished, American forces took control over the Spanish government in Jolo on May 18, and at Zamboanga in December The Moros resisted the new American colonizers like they did the Spanish, the Spanish, American, and Philippine governments have all been fought against by the Muslims of Sulu and Mindanao. Despite the sultans pan-Islamic ideology, he aided the American forces because he felt no need to cause hostilities between the West and Muslims.
Abdul Hamid wrote the letter, which was sent to Mecca where two Sulu chiefs brought it home to Sulu and it was successful, and the Sulu Mohammedans. Refused to join the insurrectionists and had placed themselves under the control of army, as the Moros have never asked more than that, it is not surprising, that they refused all overtures made, by Aguinaldos agents, at the time of the Filipino insurrection.
If the reader will pause to consider what this means in men and also the millions in money, he will appreciate this wonderful piece of diplomacy, Once the Americans subdued the northern Filipinos, the Bates Treaty with the Moros was violated by the Americans and they invaded Moroland. After the war inthe Americans imposed the Carpenter Treaty on Sulu, First Republic forces in the southern Philippines were commanded by General Nicolas Capistrano, and American forces conducted an expedition against him in the winter of — This major victory in the war in the north allowed the Americans to devote resources to the south.
On August 31, Brig. American forces under his command had standing orders to buy Moro produce when possible, peaceful Moros would not be disarmed. The Commonwealth was designed as an administration in preparation for the countrys full achievement of independence.
Kartilya ng Katipunan – WikiVisually
During its more than a decade of existence, the Commonwealth had a strong executive and katipnuan legislature, dominated by the Nacionalista Party, was at first unicameral, but later bicameral. Inthe government selected Tagalog—the language of Manila and its surrounding provinces—as the basis of the national language, womens suffrage was adopted and the economy recovered to its pre-Depression level before the Japanese occupation in The Commonwealth government went into exile from towhen the Philippines was under Japanese occupation, inthe Latipunan ended and katipuan Philippines claimed full sovereignty as provided for in Article XVIII of the Katipunaj.
The constitution specifies the Philippines as the short form name and uses the Philippine Islands only to refer to pre status. Under the Insular Government, both terms had official status, the pre U. In Decemberthe U. Congress passed the Hare—Hawes—Cutting Act with the premise of granting Filipinos independence, provisions of the bill katipunzn reserving several military and naval bases for the United States, as well as imposing tariffs and quotas on Philippine exports. Quezon and was rejected by the Philippine Senate.
A Constitutional Convention was convened in Manila on July 30, on February 8, the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines was approved by the convention by a vote of to 1. The constitution was approved by President Franklin D.
Andres Bonifacio’s Decalogue, and the Kartilya ng Katipunan
Roosevelt on March 23, on 17 Septemberpresidential elections were held. The Commonwealth Government was inaugurated on the morning of November 15, the event was attended by a crowd of aroundpeople.
The new government embarked on ambitious nation-building policies in preparation for economic, a proper evaluation of the policies effectiveness or failure is difficult due to Japanese invasion and occupation during World War II.
Japan launched an attack on the Philippines on December 8, The Commonwealth government drafted the Philippine Army into the U.
Army Forces Far East, Manila was declared an open city to prevent its destruction, and it was occupied by the Japanese on January 2, Meanwhile, battles against the Japanese continued on the Bataan Peninsula, Corregidor and this government participated in the Pacific War Council as well as the Declaration by United Nations. Philippine Independent Church — The Philippine Independent Church is an independent Christian denomination in the form of a national church in the Philippines.
Many saints canonized by Rome after the Schism are not recognized by the Aglipayan church, as of the Supreme Bishop was Ephraim Fajutagana, whose central office is located at the National Cathedral of the Holy Child in Ermita, Manila.
Aglipay was the convener of the Filipino Ecclesiastical Council, in response to Mabinis manifesto urging the Filipino clergy to organize a Filipino national Church and he was a member of the Malolos Congress, the lone member coming from the religious sector, although he also represented Ilocos Norte. Following the Philippine—American War, Aglipay and De los Reyes founded the Philippine Independent Church inthe new church rejected the spiritual authority of the Pope and abolished the celibacy requirement for priests, allowing them to marry.
At that time, all of its clergy were former Catholic priests, Aglipay drew upon the Masons for some concepts of theology and worship.
The new Philippine Independent Church reformed the Latin Tridentine liturgy, adopting the vernacular in worship, Mass in the PIC has been said in Spanish since the earliest days of its independence, but it is also said in Tagalog.
Visiting other churches while traveling abroad, Aglipay developed his theology, coming to reject the divinity of Jesus, other PIC officials refused to accept this revised theology.
Aglipays unitarian and progressive ideas were evident in his novena, Pagsisiyam sa Birhen sa Balintawak, and its English translation.