Frailejones – Espeletia pycnophylla and fog, Páramo El Ángel / Thomas van Hengstum, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA Páramo El Ángel in Ecuador is characteristic example of such ecosystems – here thousands of frailejones are rising up to 10 m tall. These ecosystems have. Search for: Search for: Futurity is your source of research news from leading universities. About Futurity · Universities · Science · Health · Culture · Environment. M Espeletia pycnophylla Cuatrec. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Espeletia (family Compositae). The record.

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This activity continues, despite the Colombian government declaring it illegal. Please enter your comment! The climate here is moist — the warmed air mases from the Pacific become cold here and the moisture precipitates on the mountains.

Frailejon Espeletia Pycnophylla Stock Photos & Frailejon Espeletia Pycnophylla Stock Images – Alamy

The trunk is thick, with succulent hairy leaves disposed in a dense spiral pattern. We boarded the hypothesis that three populations of Espeletia pycnophylla show phenotypic divergence as one of the possible implications of their geographic isolation in the Southern Colombian Andes. Species diversity here is much higher than in the temperate moorlands of the world — but much lower than in the nearby tropical rainforests.

Views Read Edit View history. The geographical and paleogeographical estimates evidenced a conspicuous process of reduction and fragmentation of the distribution area of E. Top 10 tallest trees in the world Biological wonders December 23, The moist climate turns this all into a soaked sponge. In total in this genus are some 45 — species, all growing in the Andes of Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador. Landmarks of Mexico Mexico August 7, However, genetic analyses are still needed to support these results.


These bromeliads grow up to to 4 m high.

Two of these subspecies grow in Colombia, one — Espeletia pycnophylla ssp. Espeletiacommonly known as ‘frailejones’, is a genus of perennial subshrubs, in the sunflower family. These plants are beloved by spectacled bear Tremarctos ornatuswhich also is met in these highlands. The phenotypic structure within and between plant populations is generally influenced by their distribution patterns in space and time; therefore, the study of their divergence is a central issue for the understanding of their microevolutive processes.

Many plants have developed very soft, “plumy” leaves and flowers. Home About Wondermondo Contact. In the northern part of the reserve, at 3, m height are located three small lakes, each with a diameter of some m.

Near the park has been found the extremely rare Puya angelensishere grows the amazing Puya clava-herculis with unusual blue flowers, Puya hamata.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is flowering with numerous yellow flowers. I n the highlands of tropics in several locations of the world have formed unique montane moors with eerie, tall plants. Wikimedia Commons pycnophypla media related to Espeletia. In these harsh conditions has developed very special ecosystem. Map could not be loaded – please enable Javascript! Home Natural wonders Biological wonders.

Please enter your name here. These lakes contain sulphur and other chemicals emitted by the springs of this volcanic region — this gives a characteristic green color to the water. Espeletia Mutis ex Bonpl. This plant grows only some 2.

Espeletia pycnophylla subsp. pycnophylla – Wikispecies

Pycnophyllla have entered an incorrect email address! We suggest that these results support possible scenarios of vicariance events, which allow us to approach the divergence of these populations in terms of their historic biogeographic relations.

Plants here have developed specific methods to protect themselves from the frost. Six greatest cathedrals of Italy and four more Architectural wonders December 29, The Espeletia is well known for contributing to the world in water sustainability by capturing water vapor from passing clouds in its spongy trunk and releasing it through the roots into the soil [ citation needed ]thus helping to create vast high-altitude subterranean water deposits and lakes that will eventually form rivers.


Sunday, December 30, By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Thus each plant manages to keep the temperature of its stem above zero even in strong, chilly winds. We used the Elliptic Fourier Descriptors leaf shape and traditional leaf morphometry leaf size of leaves to measure inter and intra-population variation and a comparison between a paleogeographic reconstruction with an actual estimate of the distribution areas of E.

Frailejones, Espeletia pycnophylla, Asteraceae

For most time of the year these highland meadows are shrouded in fog. While many baby boomers are downsizing to a simpler retirement lifestyle, photographer and writer Judy Blankenship and her husband Michael Jenkins took a more challenging leap in deciding to build a house on the side of a mountain in southern Ecuador.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The soil and the air is cold. Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua. One method is — growing in rosettes, thus the wind can not chill the centre of the plant. Retrieved from ” https: This plant has several espeletua. Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Commons category link from Wikidata.

The old leaves do not fall off — they enclose the stem and allow development of new roots along the stem. Some of these plants have not been found anywhere else — such as the bromeliad Puya angelensis E. Puyas are the next exotic looking plants after frailejones. Espelehia praesidentis Diazgranados Espeletia pycnophylla Cuatrec.