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Buddhadeva Bose also spelt Buddhadeb Bosu ; — [2] kobbita an Indian Bengali writer of the 20th century. Frequently referred to as a poet, he was a versatile writer who wrote novels, short stories, plays and essays in addition to poetry. He was an influential critic and editor of his time.

He is recognised as one of the five poets who moved to introduce modernity into Bengali poetry. It has buddhzdeb said that since Rabindranath Tagoreperhaps, there has been no greater talent in Bengali literature.

His ancestral home was in the village of Malkhanagar in the Bikrampur region. His mother died a few hours after his birth and his father for a year became a bereaved wanderer; he remarried a few years later and settled down. Buddhadeva was brought up and raised by his maternal grandparents Chintaharan Sinha and Swarnalata Sinha. He passed the Matriculation examination in He secured the second place in the Intermediate examination. His early life was associated with Dhaka where he lived in a simple house at 47 Purana Paltan.

Buddhadeb Bosu

BB studied English language and literature at the University of Dhaka. He was a resident of the Jagannath Hall.

After completing his MA in English there, with distinction marks that remains unsurpassed as of [update]he moved to Calcutta in Initially he had no regular job and resorted to ‘private tuition’ for livelihood. While a student he became associated with the famous poetry magazine Kallol.

The modernist literary movement of s is often referred to as the Kallol era. He also worked as an editor of the literary magazine Progoti started They had three children, Meenakshi Dutta b. Pratibha Basu was an accomplished singer in her teens but later concentrated on literature and became a distinguished writer in her own right.

In he set up the Department of Comparative literature in Jadavpur University[4] and was on its faculty for a number of years. He was also a visiting professor at many universities in the United States.

One of his most important contributions to the Bengali literary scene was the establishment of the Kavita tr. Poetry — the flagship poetry magazine in Bengaliwhich he edited and published for 25 years. BB has been described as a disciplined, almost obsessed, worker by Nabaneeta Dev Sen.

Seely remarked that Buddhadeva was a very intense person. He spoke quickly, with emotion. He was interested in everything He was what I would come to refer to as “jyanto,” “alive,” “vibrant,” “energetic. He was bubbling over with things to say.

BB who grew up almost as an orphan showed deep love and bxsu for his children. Rumi, since this morning, I buddhadb really worried. Exchange the pounds I gave you in England. For your small expenditures spend the loose change that you have in dollars. With the money I gave you and the first kohita of your scholarship, open an account in Bloomington. Damayanti wrote that ‘ And I remember that Dad used to write late into the night.


His first book of poetry, namely, “Bandir Bandona” was published when he was only seventeen years old. Although he worked as a teacher at different colleges bash universities, buddhadbe devoted his whole life to buddhaeeb. This is symbolized by the name of his residence in Calcutta which was Kavita Bhavan tr. His first novel, “SaDa”, was published when he was 18, in He wrote more than 40 novels, but his epic byddhadeb “Tithidore”, published in budchadeb, became his most admired novel and is now considered a classic.

He published more than titles during his lifetime. So far books have been published. He was a hard worker bjddhadeb writing was his life.

He began his day at 9 in the morning and would regularly work until 10 at night. Work, for him, meant writing. Buddhadeva Bose wrote poetry essentially under the influence of Western literature, although in his early works he showed the clear influence of Rabindranath Tagore. But both in terms of theme and style, he reflected the marked influence kovita renowned Western poets, especially Baudelaire. Allegedly, he believed in “art for art’s sake”.

He was a perfectionist as a writer and emphasized technical perfection in his works. Although he mostly wrote in free verse, his command of rhyme and rhythm was great.

As an editor of his historical magazine Kavita Poetrythe first magazine in India devoted only to the cause of modern Bengali Poetry, he demonstrated his ability to identify the best talents of 20th century Bengal.

His prose style was also established on a diction developed by himself. His novels remain modern even by the standards of the 21st century. He established a style of appreciative literary criticism that remains unparalleled. Also, his verse plays, written at the end phase of his life, created a poetic style all his own.

While the literary circles of Bengal did not hesitate to recognize him as a leading post- Tagore literary personality, Buddhadeva Bose achieved mass popularity when his novel Raat bha’re brishhti was banned by the government on charges of obscenity. It depicted a love triangle which explicitly allowed sex to play a critical role in human relationships.

Eventually, the High Court absolved the novel of the charges of obscenity. Raat bha’re brishhti has been translated by Clinton B. Buddhaceb [10] with the title Rain through the Night. In his school days BB took various literary initiatives. He was the editor, principal contributor and scriptor of the Patakaa hand-written literary magazine published by the school students. While studying at the Dhaka University he was elected as the literary secretary of the students’ association of his hall of residence, namely the Jagannath Hall.

In this capacity he edited the Bashontikathe annual literary buddhadsb of the Jagannath Hall. BB published one of his memorable poems, namely, ‘Kankaboti’ in the Bashontika.

BB actively participated in the Progressive Writers’ Association in the late s. The Pragati was first published as an occasional hand-written literary journal. The print-version was launched as a literary monthly in when BB received a monthly scholarship of 20 rupees for distinctive result in the pre-university examination.


The first issue was the June—July budshadeb of Cost of publishing a literary magazine was estimated to be rupees per month. So, BB organized a group of ten like-minded fellows who agreed to pay ten rupees a month for publishing the Pragati. The Pragati was published from Bhddhadeb. BB distinguished himself by his commitment to modernity as reflected in the post-first- World War western literature.

At the same time he firmly asked his colleagues to refrain from following Rabindranath Tagore and to cultivate their own creativity. He published a number of poems of the poet Jibanananda Das in Pragati.

Also, he published a highly appreciative article on this promising poet to draw attention of the literary circle. The Pragati was continued for about two years. The last issue was published in Four years after migrating from Dhaka to Calcutta inBB again embarked upon publishing a literary bbuddhadeb.

He was then living in ‘Golam Mohammad Mansion’ in Calcutta city.

The first issue of the Kavita was published from there in the month of October Kavita was a poetry magazine styled after the Poetry published by Harriet Monroe from Chicago.

Kavita continued for twenty-five long years. Its last issue was brought out in March Literally Kavita Bhavan tr. After settling in Calcutta in BB realized that hardly there was any publishing house that was eager to publish a book of poetry. He himself published two poetry books, one of his own and the other of Achintyakumar Sengupta. Then he introduced a publishing house styled Granthakar Mandali. However, books published later on by BB carried the name Kavita Baau as the publishing house.

While Kavita Bhavan published many other books, most remarkable was the slim poetry books of the Ek poishay Ekti series. These were page poetry books, the price being 1 rupee 16 poisha.

Buddhadeb Bosu – Buddhadeb Bosu Poems – Poem Hunter

The series continued for three years from to and published as many as 18 poetry books. InBB published a carefully selected collection of poems of the French poet Charles Baudelaire translated by him into Bengali. In the introduction to the translations, BB made a notable analysis of modernism in Western literature.

It may sound bizarre that a scholar like BB could write a book on Bengali gastronomy. It is his daughter Damayanti Basu Singh who in published the essay in the form a small book and herself provided recipes of the dishes referred to by BB.

So there was always both variety and excess of food even for the daily meals.