Brown, J. H. & Lomolino, M. V. (): Biogeography. 2nd Ed. Sunderland, Massachusetts (Sinauer Associates, Inc. Publishers). — S. PDF | On Jan 1, , Rafe M. Brown and others published Biogeography by Mark V. Lomolino, Brett R. Riddle, Robert J. Whittaker, and James. 6 days ago Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Apr 22, , Frank Koch and others published Brown, J. H. & Lomolino, M. V. (): Biogeography.
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Placing populations and their attributes into a geographic context is currently the thing to do. Partly this may be because biogeeography has been revolutionized by geographic information bgown GIS technology and the increasing power of desktop computers. Age estimation from molecular sequences has emerged as another powerful new tool.
With access to absolute times, evolution can be linked to geological events and, for the first time, the most recent arrival of a lineage in an area can be estimated, which is different from the information gained from fossils.
Inferring the historical assembly of ecological communities via the comparison of multiple dated phylogenies is a recent outgrowth of this ability Webb et al. Lastly, the geographic mosaic theory of coevolution Thompson,although hardly full-fledged Herre,may have added further to the excitement about the geographic context of evolution and adaptation. This new edition of Biogeography by Mark V.
Riddle, and James H. Brown thus comes at an opportune time. The first edition of Biogeography by Brown and Arthur C. Gibson was published inthe second edition, by Brown and Lomolino, 15 years later inand the third a mere 6 years later in This is not just a textbook—it is the most comprehensive text and general reference book in the field, now with a page long bibliography that cites over sources published between and There are 18 chapters, grouped into six units, and black-and-white illustrations, mostly graphs and maps, but also a few wonderful photos of people and landscapes.
Unit 1, focusing on the history of biogeography, has hardly changed from the previous editions, and ends with the role of null hypotheses in studies of community assembly. Unit 2 includes chapters on the physical setting solar radiation, winds, rainfall, soils, aquatic environments, oceansthe factors covering distributions of lpmolino species and those that may govern the geography of communities. As expected, there are brief descriptions of all major biomes.
The latter includes discussions of species concepts, micro- and macroevolution, and modes of speciation. This year’s astonishing discovery of a case of sympatric speciation in palms on an oceanic island Savolainen et al.
In an idiosyncratic choice, Unit 3 has the geological time scale, continental drift, and Pleistocene glaciations Chapters 8 and 9 following speciation and extinction Chapter 7. Many of the paleodistribution maps are new, and the text of all four chapters has been much updated. For biogeovraphy purposes, the Northern Hemisphere responses to the Pleistocene broown cycles are the ideal basis for a discussion of global warming, and the book’s bias towards its largest market is nowhere more evident than in this chapter, which contains a single figure illustrating Pleistocene changes outside the Americas p.
The last two are the contribution of the new coauthor of BiogeographyBrett Riddle, whose research focuses on the phylogeography of Great Basin montane island biota and molecular systematics of North American rodents. He has done an excellent job of explaining the relevant basic concepts, such as phylogenetic inference, properties of molecular characters, construction and interpretation of haplotype networks, and molecular clocks.
The sections explaining the role of fossils in biogeography are all new, and very good. By comparison with another recently revised text, Cox and Moore’s Biogeography cf. Unit 5 turns to ecological biogeography, and comprises two chapters on island biogeography—Brown and Lomolino are important contributors to the current nonequilibrium view of island biota—and a chapter on diversity gradients and macroecology from the keyboard of Brown. This chapter pays tribute to historical explanations of diversity, even if the exposition is strangely a historical.
Those people who are interested in explanations of diversity disparities up toof course, can turn to Foundations of Biogeography: Classic Papers with Biogeographhy, a fascinating compendium by Lomolino et llomolino. Foundations and Frontiers Lomolino and Heaney, have been produced by the young and fit International Biogeography Society, whose cofounder and first president was Lomolino.
Brown and Riddle also are cofounders and past and present presidents of the 6-year-old society. The book ends with a chapter on the frontiers of biogeography, excerpted from Frontiers. The only omission in this book seems to be a section on GIS methods of mapping and model-based analyses of species ranges.
Biogeography – Mark V. Lomolino; Brett R. Riddle; Robert J. Whittaker – Oxford University Press
GIS is mentioned in the Introduction and on the very last pages rbown. Nowhere in the index does one find predictive distribution modeling, predictive range mapping, species distribution mapping, habitat distribution mapping, or ecological niche modeling.
The authors of Biogeography hold that little in evolution, and for that matter ecology, paleontology, conservation biology, and human evolution, makes sense unless viewed in a geographic context. The new edition of their book strongly supports this contention, and the very personal, sometimes chatty, sometimes missionary style in which it is written conveys a feeling that one is close to people who have seen the action.
This is an empirically and conceptually rich text as Andy Sinauer stated about the second editionwhose third edition confirms its status as an indispensable classic.
Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, lomolnio education by publishing worldwide.
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