Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel This standard is issued under the fixed designation A; the number immediately. Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid ASTM A – Practice for Cleaning, Descaling and Passivating of Stainless Steel Parts, . Passivation per ASTM A Posted on November 29, Latest News. APT to Exhibit at SHOT Show in Las Vegas, NV. Advanced Plating.

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In the case of classes C3 and C4, a two step process is defined, with a clean water rinse between the two steps, shown in the table below. Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following:.

Recommended cleaning practices shall be followed for welds and weld-joint areas, specially critical applications, installed systems and post-erections. The selection of procedures from this practice to be applied to the parts may be specified upon agreement between the supplier and the purchaser.

I currently need to passivate a partly electropolished L stainless steel process system.

Stainless steels are designed to naturally self-passivate whenever a clean surface is exposed to an environment that can provide enough oxygen to form the chromium rich oxide surface layer, on which the corrosion resistance of these alloys depends.

Office and Postal Address: It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. Ast shall be asm. Scales shall be removed through chemical descaling, acid pickling, and mechanical descaling. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.

Precaution shall always be practiced to minimize iron contamination, in reuse of cleaning and pickling solution, in water rinsing, in circulation of cleaning solutions and rinse water, in protection of cleaned surfaces, for safety, and disposal of used solutions and water.

Meaningful tests to establish the degree of cleanness of a surface are few, and those are often difficult to administer and to evaluate objectively.


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This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. Regards, Ted Mooney, P. Such chemical treatment is generally not necessary for the formation of the passive metal oxide film. This would attack electro-polished surfaces and is not the kindest way to treat them. This standard covers both nitric and citric acid treatments. To my knowledge it is not possible to do a combination pickling and passivation.

Keystone Corporation is an industry leader in the passivation of stainless steel.

Article: Passivation of stainless steels

This practice covers the standard recommendations and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating of new stainless steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems. All information presented is for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author’s employer. The following shall be used as the basis for cleanness acceptability: Passivation often follows paesivation process of pickling. Stainless steels cannot be passivated unless the steel surface is clean and free from contamination and scale from welding operations.

This process greatly reduces the formation rust on passivatoon surface of the workpiece. It was at one time considered that an oxidizing treatment was necessary to establish this passive metal oxide film, but it asmt now accepted that this film will form spontaneously in an oxygen-containing environment providing that the surface has been thoroughly cleaned or descaled.

The degree of cleanness required on a surface depends on the application.

Unlike ASTM A, the standard does not require specific solutions for particular stainless steel grades or types, although 3 specific treatments are identified. I agree with Lee that what you are proposing should not be a problem with the EP’d surfaces. In addition, this standard also includes astk acid treatments.

ASTM A380 Passivation Standard

The standard notes that the high carbon martensitic stainless steels, such as C, are not suitable for acid passivation as they can be attacked or be subject to hydrogen embrittlement. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Range C Time mins.


Others, such as food-handling, pharmaceutical, aerospace, and certain nuclear applications, may require extremely high levels of cleanness, including removal of all detectable residual chemical films and contaminants that are invisible to ordinary inspection methods. From beautiful Pine Beach New Jersey: Passivation is a post-fabrication method of maximizing the inherent corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Parts treated however must pass specific tests to confirm the effectiveness of the passivation, although in practice the tests are for the detection of the effects of residual iron contamination on the surface of the parts.

Visual inspection; wipe tests; residual pattern; water-break test; free iron test such as water-wetting or drying; high-humidity test; and copper sulfate test. The standard also allows any combination of citric acid concentration, temperature and time, provided that the passivation test criteria can be met. Our facilities are capable of handling both large and small parts. Give us a call or visit our contact page to request a quote for your project today!

Methods are described for the detection of free iron and transparent chemical and oily deposits.

Passivation of L SS per ASTM A

pssivation In addition, visual inspection of internal surfaces is often impossible because of the configuration of the item. Passivation is a process that removes exogenous iron or iron compounds from the surface of the stainless steel alloy. These recommendations are presented as procedures for guidance when it is recognized that for a particular service it is desired to remove surface contaminants that may impair the normal corrosion resistance, or result in the later contamination of the particular stainless steel grade, or cause product contamination.

For more specific safety precautions see 7. If you let this solution inside your S. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.